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Early Animal Agriculture And The Neolithic Revolution

by Freeha Sabir
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Animal Agriculture And Neolithic Revolution

The development of capitalism in the 17th century led to an increase in per capita income for women as well as for men. Additionally, the growth of the population resulted in an increase in money demand and a decrease in poverty. As a result, by the late 19th century, there were more people living comfortable lives than earlier. Basically, in order to meet the needs of both the individual and the community, countries have divided their economies into two categories: agricultural and non-agricultural, which ultimately led to an increase in per capita income.

There are two significant events, the Neolithic Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, in human history that have contributed to this change and improved living standards. The Neolithic Revolution was the historical process that led from the use of natural resources for food production, animal agriculture, to a small,solvent-based economy.

It was the time period when improved agriculture and social organization led to the development of a strong human community that was able to maintain its own life and culture. Moreover, the Neolithic Era is also famous for its art, which includes pottery, figurines, machines, and documentary texts. Therefore, it is often counted as one of the most significant periods in human history.

Following that, the second major historical event began. The industrial revolution was the time when machines became so widespread and changes in employment such that humans were soon overwhelmed. Most of society was controlled by those at the top, and the common man or woman was nothing more than an appendage of capital.

Later, the industrial revolution broke down this power barrier, allowing for women’s emancipation, and other social improvements that led to increased development and transportability over time. Meanwhile, the term also refers to other moments in time when resources were organized and managed so that people could apply their skills by workarounds (i.e., day-laborers) or manual laboriously.


This Neolithic Revolution happened independently in many parts of the world, such as the Middle East, East Asia, South Asia, Mesoamerica, the Andes, and West Africa. Eventually, it became responsible for the development of art, religion, and human behavior around the world. It was the time when human beings began to domesticate plants and animals.

However, there are many different theories about how this happened, but the most likely explanation is that people started learning how to domesticate plants and animals through experiments and trial-and-error methods. This change allowed the more efficient use of resources, which in turn helped to increase agricultural and economic development and social stability.

It was the time when humans started to domesticate animals, along with cereals domestication, most notably cows and goats. This change occurred within the context of human existence where food was necessary for physical and emotional sustenance. It was also during this period that farmers first began developing new methods of farming that became increasingly important to human development.

As the animal started to be domesticated, it was turned into a product. The cow became the standard for food, while the “goat” became a symbol of luxuriousness and luxury. Additionally, goats were often attributed with wisdom, beauty, fertility, and wealth. Later, the use of animals in agricultural practices spread widely and was often considered to be the cause of the agricultural revolution. As a result of the domestication and training of animals for agriculture, there was a significant increase in food production was seen.


However, the domestication of livestock was a long and complicated process that begins with the selection of the type of animal to be domesticated. There were three types of animals to be domesticated: goats, sheep, and pigs. Goats and pigs were easy species to raise because they had a short body length and their diet was mainly limited. The third type of animal to be domesticated was cattle. Cows were able-bodied animals that have the ability to turn themselves into land mammals when weaned on milk and help in agricultural practices.


Different researchers have proposed various domestication scenarios, with the most likely scenario being that one or more domestications of livestock led to the rise of civilizations and upscaling of populations. This was often done in order to create a greater diet for an individual society or economy, as well as a way to produce more food without originally being powered by animal husbandry principles.


Early Animal Agriculture

Additionally, the Neolithic era is particularly noteworthy because it was the start of the fertile crescent.  The Fertile Crescent was a major center of production for the four continents. It is thought that the name “Fertile Crescent” referred to the fact that many different crops were grown there, including wheat, lentil, pea, chickpeas, bitter vetch, and flax. During the Neolithic period, crops were usually domesticated in a single place, therefore, wild species from those regions are still present.

Meanwhile, cattle were first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent, South Asia, and Africa. They were followed by pigs in Anatolia, East Asia, and Western Europe. Later, Cattle and pork became merged into British civilization after the evolutions of the late 4th century BC to early 1st century AD. Cattle are one of the most common animals used for food, while pigs are an often-pregnant animal and live long enough to do so. Therefore, farmers in South Asia started to domesticate pigs about 6500 years ago, with the development of agriculture being one of the main reasons for this. Pigs were first bred for meat and then traded between farmers and buyers in different parts of the world.

Read More: Changing World Through Green Revolution

However, the domestication of animals has led to the extinction of their wild species. In; by the late 1800s, most countries had animal agriculture as a part of their societies. Meanwhile, goat farming became the main trade route between countries. By the early 1900s, it was such an important component of society that large farms were focusing mainly on animal domestication to earn high profits. Therefore, the domestication of animals has led to significant changes in the natural ecosystem.

In addition to the increase in agricultural production, the Neolithic Revolution has left a lasting impact on musculoskeletal stress, overall nutrition with reduced height, the appearance of dental disease, and a huge increase in infertility.

However, the neolithic period was often seen as when the first human beings started developing their cognitive abilities. It was a specific type of change that refers to the event where man discovered and developed agriculture, which then led to other uses of land and freshwater. It was during this time that humanity started to settle down as a human beings, formulating complex systems into which they could indulge their desires and fantasies.

Read More: Neolithic Agricultural Revolution And Its Role In Origin Of Private Property
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