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True Fruit: Ripened Ovary that Contains Seeds

by Claudia Ringler
Published: Last Updated on
true fruit

True fruit is a term that refers to the ripened ovary of a flowering plant that contains seeds. This definition sets true fruits apart from other fruit-like structures that are derived from non-ovarian tissue, such as the apple, which is derived from the receptacle of the flower rather than the ovary. It is the part of the plant that is typically eaten as a sweet or savory treat and is an important part of the human diet.

The use of fruit as a food source dates back to the earliest days of human civilization. The cultivation and domestication of fruit-bearing plants began in the Middle East and Mediterranean regions and then spread throughout the world. Over time, different regions of the world developed their own unique varieties of fruit, each with its own flavor, texture, and nutritional profile.

As mentioned earlier, it is different from other fruit-like structures such as the apple. Apples are technically not true fruits because they are derived from the receptacle of the flower rather than the ovary. Other fruit-like structures that are not true fruits include the strawberry, which is derived from the receptacle and the seeds on its surface, and the fig, which is derived from the flower’s inflorescence.

However, they can be found in a wide variety of climates and regions throughout the world. Some of the most popular true fruit include apples, pears, oranges, grapes, bananas, watermelons, cantaloupes, pineapples, and strawberries. Each of these fruits has its own unique flavor, texture, and nutritional profile, making them an important part of a healthy and varied diet.

Furthermore, their consumption has grown significantly in recent years due to an increasing awareness of their health benefits. In 2021, its global market was valued at approximately $15.8 billion, with an expected CAGR of 6.7% from 2022 to 2027. The Asia Pacific region was the largest market for them, accounting for more than 40% of the total revenue in 2021. The North American and European markets were also significant contributors to the growth of true fruit market.


There is a growing body of scientific evidence that suggests that consuming them can have a range of health benefits. They are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, all of which are essential for good health. Additionally, they are low in calories and high in antioxidants, which can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Further, the phytochemicals in them also have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce the risk of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and asthma.

However, the effects of consuming them are generally positive, but there are some potential negative effects to be aware of. Consuming large amounts of some true fruits can cause spikes in blood sugar levels, which can be a problem for people with diabetes or other blood sugar disorders. Additionally, some people may be allergic to certain types, which can cause a range of symptoms from mild itching to life-threatening anaphylaxis.

The primary cause of these negative effects is the natural sugars and other compounds that are found in them. While these compounds are generally healthy in moderate amounts, consuming too much of them can cause a range of negative effects.

Furthermore, true fruits can be categorized into different types based on their characteristics and the plants that produce them. Here are some of the most common types of true fruit:

  1. Berries: Berries are small, juicy fruits that are typically round or oblong in shape. Examples of berries include blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries.
  2. Pomes: Pomes are fruits that have a fleshy, edible core surrounded by a tough outer layer. Apples and pears are examples of pomes.
  3. Citrus fruits: Citrus fruits are a type that is characterized by their sour or acidic taste. Examples of citrus fruits include oranges, lemons, and grapefruits.
  4. Drupes: Drupes are fruits that have a hard outer layer surrounding a soft, juicy interior. Examples of drupes include peaches, plums, and cherries.
  5. Tropical fruits: Tropical fruits are a diverse group of them that are typically grown in warm, humid climates. Examples of tropical fruits include bananas, mangoes, and pineapples.

Each type of true fruit has its own unique set of nutritional properties and values and can be used in a variety of ways. For example, berries are often used in desserts and smoothies, while citrus fruits are commonly used in savory dishes and drinks.


They are an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, all of which are essential for good health. Some of the key nutritional properties and values of true fruits include:

  1. Vitamins: They are a rich source of vitamins such as vitamin C, which is important for immune function, and vitamin A, which is essential for healthy skin and vision.
  2. Minerals: They are also a good source of minerals such as potassium, which is important for maintaining healthy blood pressure, and iron, which is necessary for the production of red blood cells.
  3. Fiber:They are high in fiber, which can help to improve digestion, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and promote feelings of fullness and satiety.

However, their management involves a range of factors, including cultivation, harvesting, transportation, and storage. Factors that can impact the quality and nutritional value of true fruits include:

  1. Soil quality: The quality of the soil in which the fruit is grown can impact true fruit nutritional profile.
  2. Pesticide use: The use of pesticides can impact their nutritional value, as well as the health of the workers who harvest them.
  3. Ripeness at harvest: The ripeness of the fruit at the time of harvest can impact its nutritional profile and taste.
  4. Storage conditions: The conditions in which the fruit is stored after harvest can impact its nutritional value and shelf life.
  5. Transportation: The distance and method of transportation can also impact the quality and nutritional value of true fruit.

In conclusion, true fruits are a diverse group of fruits that are excellent source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. They play an important role in the diets and economies of many countries around the world and are widely consumed and produced. However, concerns about the impact of pesticide use on their nutritional value and safety highlight the importance of sustainable farming practices and regulations to limit pesticide use. It is important for consumers to be aware of where the true fruit come from and how they are produced, in order to make informed decisions about their food choices.

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