Earsh, also known as stubble, refers to the stalks of grain plants that are left in a field after the grain has been harvested. It is most commonly used in reference to fields of wheat, oats, and barley, but can also refer to fields of other grain crops. It has a long history of use in agriculture, particularly in the south and west of England, where it has been used as a form of natural fertilization and a way to protect the soil from erosion.
The term “earsh” is derived from the Old English word “ersc,” which means “stubble.” It has several different spelling variations, including “arrish,” “arish,” “eddish,” and “ersh.” Further, place names such as Earsham, Winnersh, and Wonersh are thought to derive from their location in or near an earsh field. The suffix “-ham” or “-hamm” in these place names is derived from the Old English word “hamm,” which means “enclosure.” So, these place names would originally have referred to enclosures or settlements located in or near an earsh field.
There are several different types of earsh, including winter earsh and summer earsh. Winter earsh refers to the stalks of grain plants that are left in the field over the winter months, while summer earsh refers to the stalks that are left in the field during the summer months. It is typically left in the field for a period of several months, during which time it begins to decompose and release nutrients back into the soil.
Earsh is important for a number of reasons. First and foremost, it helps to protect the soil from erosion. When left in the field, it helps to hold the soil in place, preventing it from washing away during heavy rains or strong winds. Additionally, it can help to improve the overall fertility of the soil. As it decomposes, it releases nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium back into the soil, which can help to improve the health of future crops.
There are several different ways that earsh can be used in agriculture. One common method is to simply leave the earsh in the field after harvest, allowing it to decompose naturally over time. Another method is to plow the earsh back into the soil, incorporating it into the soil structure and helping to improve soil fertility. It can also be collected and used as feed for livestock, such as cows, sheep, and goats.
Earsh is used in agriculture all around the world, but it is particularly prevalent in the south and west of England. In recent years, there has been an increased focus on the use of it in sustainable agriculture practices, as it is a natural and cost-effective way to improve soil fertility and protect the environment.
According to global statistics, the use of earsh in agriculture is on the rise. In 2019, it is estimated that approximately 25% of all grain crops produced worldwide were left as earsh in the field after harvest. This figure is expected to continue to increase in the coming years as more and more farmers adopt sustainable agriculture practices.
Despite its many benefits, there are also some potential negative effects associated with the use of earsh in agriculture. One concern is that if not properly managed, it can become a breeding ground for pests and diseases, which can negatively impact future crops. Additionally, if not properly handled, it can also release greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.
Overall, earsh is an important aspect of agriculture. It provides a natural and cost-effective way to improve soil fertility and protect the environment, and its use is expected to continue to increase in the coming years. However, it is important for farmers to properly manage it in order to minimize any potential negative effects and ensure the sustainable use of this valuable resource.