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Bushel

by Zahid Ahmed
Published: Last Updated on
bushel

A bushel is a unit of dry measure that is commonly used to quantify the amount of grain, fruit, or other agricultural products. It is equal to about 8 gallons or 32 quarts, or about 35.2 liters. It is also equivalent to about 1 cubic foot. In the US, it is standardized to be exactly 2150.42 cubic inches, or about 36.4 dry quarts. It is often used as a unit of sale for grain and other agricultural products, and they are also used as a measure of the yield of a crop.

Etymology

The word “bushel” comes from the Old French “bouisel,” which means “little box.” The word has been in use in the English language since the 14th century and has undergone some spelling changes over time, from “bouisil” to “bousil” to “bushel.” In Old English, the word “bushel” was spelled “byssel,” and it was used to refer to a measure of capacity equal to 8 gallons or 32 quarts. The modern spelling of “bushel” was established in the 17th century.

History of bushel

The concept of a bushel as a unit of measure for agricultural products has a long history that dates back to ancient civilizations. In ancient Rome, for example, a unit of dry measure called a “modius” was used to quantify the amount of grain and other agricultural products. The modius was equivalent to about 8.7 gallons, or about 35 liters.

In the Middle Ages, it was used as a unit of measure in England and other parts of Europe. It was originally defined as the amount of grain that would fill a container of a particular size and shape, known as a “bushel basket.” The bushel basket was standardized in England in the 14th century, and it became a legally defined unit of measure.

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In the United States, the bushel was one of the first units of measure to be standardized by the government. In 1832, the U.S. Congress passed the first law establishing standard weights and measures for the country, and it was defined as being equal to 2150.42 cubic inches, or about 35.2 liters. This definition of the bushel is still in use today in the United States.

The bushel has continued to be an important unit of measure for agricultural products in the United States and many other countries, and it is still widely used in the trade of grain, fruit, and other agricultural products.

Comparison with other units

It is equal to about 8 gallons, or 32 quarts, or about 35.2 liters. Here are some comparisons to other common units of volume:

  • 1 bushel = 8 gallons
  • 1 bushel = 32 quarts
  • 1 bushel = 35.2 liters
  • 1 bushel = 4 pecks
  • 1 bushel = 64 pints
  • 1 bushel = 128 cups

It is larger than a gallon, quart, or liter, but it is smaller than a cubic meter. For example, a bushel of grain is about the same volume as a small barrel or a large trash can.

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In addition to the bushel, there are other units of volume that are used to measure dry goods. For example, the “peck” is a unit of volume that is equal to 1/4 of a bushel, or about 2 gallons. The “quart” is a unit of volume that is equal to 1/32 of a bushel, or about 0.25 gallons. The “pint” is a unit of volume that is equal to 1/64 of a bushel, or about 0.125 gallons.

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Bushel of corn

A bushel of corn is a unit of measure that is used to quantify the amount of corn. It is equal to about 8 gallons, or 32 quarts, or about 35.2 liters of corn. In the United States, a bushel of corn is standardized to be exactly 2150.42 cubic inches.

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The weight of a bushel of corn can vary depending on the type of corn and the moisture content of the corn. For example, a bushel of dry corn kernels can weigh about 56 pounds, while a bushel of fresh corn on the cob can weigh about 70 pounds.

Benefits of using bushel

There are several benefits to using the bushel as a unit of measure in agriculture:

  • Consistency: It is a standardized unit of measure that is used consistently across different types of agricultural products. This makes it easy to compare the quantities of different products and to standardize prices.
  • Widely recognized: It is a widely recognized unit of measure that is used in many countries, particularly in the United States. This makes it easy for farmers, grain elevators, and other agricultural businesses to communicate about quantities of agricultural products.
  • Convenient size: It is a relatively large unit of measure, which makes it convenient for measuring and selling large quantities of agricultural products.
  • Easy to use: The bushel is easy to use and understand, even for people who are not familiar with more complex units of measure.
  • Historical precedent: It has a long history of use as a unit of measure for agricultural products, which adds to its credibility and acceptance as a standard unit of measure.

Disadvantage of using bushel in agriculture

One disadvantage of using the bushel as a unit of measure in agriculture is that it is not a consistent size across all types of crops. The size of a bushel of grain, for example, is not the same as the size of a bushel of apples or a bushel of potatoes. This can make it difficult to compare the yield of different crops or to standardize prices for different agricultural products.

Another disadvantage of using it is that it is a relatively large unit of measure, which can make it difficult to accurately quantify small amounts of agricultural products. For example, if a farmer only has a small amount of grain to sell, it might be difficult to accurately measure the amount using a bushel.

Conclusion

The bushel is a unit of volume used to measure agricultural products like grain and fruit. It is equal to around 8 gallons or 35 liters. While it has some limitations, it is widely used and recognized in agriculture for its simplicity and consistency in measuring large quantities.

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